Muscle Strains

Muscle Strains & Treatment

We treat all types of muscle strains, from neck, to sports related. Our qualified physiotherapists will device a plan to best tackle your muscle strain aliment and help you get back to your best.

Characteristics of Muscle Strains

  • Muscle strains usually occur during bursts of speed and rapid acceleration
  • Onset is usually via sudden sharp pain and they often occur in large muscles which cross over joints, such as hamstring or quadriceps (thigh) strains
  • Mechanism of injury will normally involve explosive muscle contraction (non-contact), usually through eccentric loading (i.e. lengthening phase of the muscle)
  • Signs and symptoms may be sudden, or delayed onset after physical activity has ceased
  • Swelling and/or bruising may be evident, this is grade dependent. There will be pain at the injured area, and it will often be tender to touch.

Grading of Muscle Strains

Grade I

  • Minor fibre tearing with mild pain on contraction and stretch
  • May or may not have bruising and be tender to touch

Grade II

  • Intermediate tear with more muscle fibres torn
  • Moderate pain with contraction and stretch
  • Easier to reproduce signs and symptoms, are usually has more obvious bruising

Grade III

  • Complete muscle tear with associated loss of function
  • Sever pain and swelling, can feel a gap in the muscle tissue
  • Can feel a palpable gap in the muscle tissue

Muscle Strain Management

Acute – 0 to 3 Days

  • RICE (rest, ice, compression, elevation).
  • Early mobilisation to facilitate quicker repair of injury

Subacute – 3 to 5 Days

  • Active treatment should be started gradually with range of motion exercises
  • Gradually commence loaded muscle and dynamic training
  • Physiotherapist can assist with massage, stretches, and a home exercise plan