Ligament Sprains

Ligament Sprain Treatments

We devise the best treatment for ligament sprains to get you back to your best!

Ligament Sprains

  • The onset of a ligament sprain is usually a sudden sharp pain.
  • Mechanism of injury will be stretching force to ligament (may be contact or non-contact)
  • Signs and symptoms may include swelling and bruising (grade dependant), with local pain and tenderness. You may hear or feel a snap or stretch (usually with higher grade injury).

Grading of Ligament Sprains

Grade I

  • A minor tear with little to no loss of ligament stability
  • Ligament stability test will have normal firm end feel, but will reproduce pain

Grade II

  • Partial disruption of ligament with some fibres torn completely
  • Ligament stability test will have a stretchier end feel, but will reproduce pain and there will be some associated loss of stability at the affected joint

Grade III

  • Complete muscle tear with associated loss of function
  • Complete ligament rupture
  • Ligament stability test will be loose and have no end feel
  • The joint will be very unstable and painful, and usually requires surgical repair

Ligament Sprain Management

Acute – 0 to 3 Days

  • RICE (rest, ice, compression, elevation).
  • Early mobilisation to facilitate quicker repair of injury
  • Physiotherapist may assist with taping for support and pain relief

Subacute – 3 to 5 Days

  • Active treatment should be started gradually with range of motion exercises
  • Gradually commence loaded muscle and dynamic training
  • Once a ligament is damaged it is at more risk of injury from poor proprioception and balance. A physiotherapist can assist with a home exercise plan of proprioceptive retraining for spatial awareness and improving balance
  • Physiotherapist can also treat with joint mobilisations to address stiffness in the injured ligament that may have developed